12,000-year-old cave drawings of the ice age megafuna in the Colombian Amazon

12,000-year-old cave drawings of the ice age megafuna in the Colombian Amazon. Archaeologists from the ERC LASTJOURNEY project have discovered spectacular rock pictographs in three different rock shelters in the Department of Guavire, Colombia. This photograph, taken approximately 12,600 and 11,800 years ago, testifies that the first inhabitants of the Amazon rainforest lived with the now-extinct animals of the Ice Age, such as giant sloths and mastodons.

12,000-year-old cave drawing

Professor Iriart at the archaeological site of Cerro Azul in the Serranía La Lindosa, Colombia. These are really amazing images, produced by beginners living in western ammonia, said Dr Archaeologist from the Department of Archeology at the University of Exeter.

Mark Robinson said, they migrated to the region during a time of extreme climate change, which caused a change in the flora and forests. The Amazon was still transforming into the rainforest that we recognize today. The painting offers a vivid and exciting insight into the life of these communities, he said.

It is amazing for us to think among those who lived, and hunted, the vegetarian giant, some who were the size of a small car. Example of cave paintings from Cerro Azul that represent various motifs: (a) anthropomorphic, (b) hand, (c) geomorphic, (d) geometric, (e) vegetal.

Colombian Amazon

Dr. Robinson and his colleagues found ancient paintings in three rock shelters at the archaeological sites of Cerro Azol, Limousillos, and Cerro Montoya in Lindosa, Amazonas de Cerona, at the Lastjouni project, in the extreme north of the Colombian Amazon.

The vibrant red paints were created with mineral tints, especially ocher, which gives them their distinctive terracotta red color. They originated over a period of hundreds of years, or possibly thousands of years.

The most abundant motifs recorded by the team are anthropomorphic, geomorphic and geometric and vegetal themes. Many of them depict hunting scenes and rituals, showing humans interacting with plants, forests, and animals of the savannah.

The most abundant zoomorphic figures include deer, tapir, crocodiles, bats, monkeys, turtles, snakes, and many others. Fundamentally, the cave painting represents what appears to be an extinct megafauna from the Ice Age.

These include images that look like giant sloths, mastodons, camelids, horses, and three-toed trunks. The ice age megafuna is shown in Serrania La Lindosa paintings that include: (a) giant lethargy, (b) mastodon, (c) camelid, (d, e) horse, (f) long neck, three toes Trunk. At the time the paintings were made.

The temperature was rising, and today’s widespread Amazon rainforest began an area transformation from panty savannahs, thorn bushes, gallery forests, and tropical forests to tropical forests. The Cerro Azul, Limoncillos and Cerro Montoya refuges are far from modern settlements and trails.

Quaternary International

But were known to some local communities who helped researchers locate them. These cave paintings are excellent evidence of how humans rebuilt the earth, and how they hunted, farmed and raised fish, said Professor Jose Iriarte and also from the Department of Archeology at the University of Exeter.

Art was probably a powerful part of culture and a way of connecting people socially. The images show how people lived among the now-extinct giant animals that they hunted. The discovery is described in an article published in a journal called Quaternary International.

‘Sistine Chapel’ of rock art discovered in the distant Amazon rainforest. The images are being filmed for a major Channel 4 series, Jungle Mystery: Lost Kings of the Amazon. Footage is being filmed for a major Channel 4 series, Jungle Mystery: Lost Kings of the Amazon, set to launch in December. Thousands of images from the ice age were inscribed on the faces of people and animals 12,500 years ago.

One of the largest collections of prehistoric rock art in the world has been discovered in the Amazon rainforest. Failed like archaeologists’ Sistine Chapel, archaeologists have found thousands of portraits of animals and humans built 12,500 years ago on rocks that stretch about eight miles west of Colombia.

Its date is based in part on depictions of animals from the now-extinct ice age, such as Mastodon, a prehistoric relative of the elephant that has not been roaming South America for at least 12,000 years.

There are images of the Paleolama, an extinct camel, as well as giant sloths and horses from the Ice Age. These animals were seen and painted by some of the first humans to reach the Amazon. His photographs give an idea of an ancient lost civilization.

The paintings are so large in scale that it will take generations to study. The discovery was made last year, but has been kept under wraps for now, as it was filmed in December for a major Channel 4 series: Jungle Mysteries: Lost Kings of Amazon.

The site is located in the Serranía de la Lindosa, where other rock art was found, along with the Chiribicete National Park. The host of the documentary, Alla Al-Shamahi. An archaeologist and researcher, told the Observer: The new site is very new, they haven’t given it a name yet.

There are many handprints among the cliff images, these have similar ones at the Cerro Azul site. There are several handprints among the cliff images, these have similar ones at the Cerro Azul site. She spoke of the thrill of seeing “stunning” images created thousands of years ago.

The discovery was made by a British-Colombian team, funded by the European Research Council. Its leader is José Eriart, a professor of archeology at the University of Exeter and a leading expert on Amazonian and pre-Columbian history. He said: “When you are there, your feelings flow …

We are talking about several dozen images. It takes generations to record them … whatever you do. Yes, that is a new wall of paintings. We start to see animals that are now extinct. The images are so natural and so good that we have some doubt that you are looking at a horse.

A team of Archaeologists

For example, Himyuga had a wild and heavy face on his horse’s face. The paintings include fish, turtles, lizards and birds, as well as dancing and holding hands among other scenes. One figure wears a beaked bird mask. The site is so remote that after a two-hour drive from San José del Guavia, a team of archaeologists and filmmakers traveled on foot for about four hours.

Somehow he avoided the most dangerous inhabitants of the area. Summits are everywhere, and we kept snakes with us, al-Shamahi said, recalling a jungle giant, America’s deadliest snake with an 80% fatality rate, on his way to the jungle. They were late in coming back and it was already dark.

They had no choice but to walk, knowing that if they were attacked, they were less likely to make it to the hospital. “You are nowhere,” he said. Said it was “100%” to see the photos. As the documentary points out, Colombia is a country torn apart after 50 years of civil war.

Which was fought between the FARC guerrillas and the Colombian government, with an uncomfortable journey so far. The area where the images have been discovered was completely closed until recently and still requires careful negotiation to enter safely. Al-Shamahi said: When we entered the Farakka region.

It was exactly what many of us had been shouting for a long time. The search is not over. Scientific discovery is not over, but now great discoveries are to be made in disputed or hostile locations. There are many lines of hands and many paintings at that scale, as if they were geometric shapes, animals or humans.

Others are very large. Many paintings are at the top, similar to the Cerro Azul site, so high that it can only be reached with a drone. Al-Shamahi drew attention to how many of them are up: I am 5 feet 10 inches tall and I see my neck breaking.

How were they spreading those walls?

Some paintings are so tall that they can only be seen with drones. Iyerte believes the answer lies in the depiction of wooden towers among the paintings, including bungee jumping figures. He said: “These paintings have a terracotta red color.

We also found pieces of ocher that were scattered to make them. Explaining the sacred or other purpose of the paintings, he said: It is interesting to see that many of these large animals are surrounded by small men with raised hands, almost worshiping these animals. He said the fantasy involves hallucinatory trees and plants, adding:

For the people of the Amazon, non-humans, like animals and plants, have spirits and can cooperate with hostile people through shameful rituals and practices. Communicate and show. In rock art.. Al-Shamahi said: One of the most fascinating things was being seen in the ice age because he is a time marker. I don’t think people realize that the Amazon has changed in its appearance.

Amazon rainforest

It has not always been this rainforest. When you look at a horse or mastodon in these pictures, they certainly are not going to live in the forest. They are very large, they not only give clues as to when They were painted by beginners, who in themselves are only the stubborn, but also they’re hinting at what it would look like to be very successful: more like Savannah.

Thousands of 12,000-year-old cave paintings were found in Colombia. At the end of the last ice age, prehistoric artists painted thousands of images. Including depictions of mastodons, giant sloths and other now-extinct animals, on rock walls in the Amazon rainforest, Dalton Albert reports for The Guardian.

Archaeologists found the first of a vast set of images in 2017. But they kept the treasure a secret as they continued to work and produce a television series about the discovery. A British-Colombian research team funded by the European Research Council observed paintings stretching for eight miles in the Serranía de la Lindosa.

Which is part of the Colombian Amazon. The art of red ocher includes fish, lizards, birds, geometric patterns, and humans, in which people dance. In at least one image, suggest a mask of the face of a human bird. An extinct camel known as a paleolama and a type of horse that lived in the region during the Ice Age has also been shown to exist.

The photos are so natural and so well done that we suspect, for example, that you are looking at a horse, says team leader José Iriart, an archaeologist at the University of Exeter. The horse’s face was wild, heavy. It’s very detailed, we can also see horse hair.

This is interesting. Live Science’s Laura Gagel reports that ancient artists created works between 12,600 and 11,800 years ago. At the time, the region was shifting from the landscape of savannas, shrubs and forests to the tropical rainforest seen today.

Geometric Patterns

According to team member Mark Robinson, an archaeologist at the University of Exeter, the people who made the drawings were possibly among the first humans to live in the western Amazon. The painting offers a vibrant and exciting insight into the life of these communities, Robinson said in a statement.

It is incredible for us today to think of those who lived, and hunted, the vegetarian giant, some who were the size of a small car. The art displays a wide variety of animals (including now extinct species), plants, humans, and geometric patterns.

The archaeologists’ work includes research on ancient agriculture and the ways humans changed the Amazonian landscape. In rock shelters located near the arts, researchers discovered remains of food eaten by artists, such as fruits, crocodiles, capybaras and armadillos.

Old cave drawings
Old cave drawings

Recently, the region became inaccessible to researchers due to the 50-year civil war in Colombia. Per Brian Boucher of ArtNet News began the investigation in 2016 after signing a peace treaty.

British public television station

But the archaeologists had yet to ask the rebel forces who had not signed an agreement for permission to take a five-hour hike through the jungle to the rocks. Eckert told ArtNet News that the artists’ choice of rain-fed smooth rock walls serves as an ideal canvas for detailed paintings.

Some of the works are located so high on rock walls that researchers had to use drones to take pictures of them. Speaking to The Guardian, Eriart says the images themselves provide clues as to how the artist reached such heights. Many show wooden towers and humans that appear to be jumping from them.

According to Iriter, the paintings may be related to religious practices. For example, some show large animals surrounded by small human figures, presumably raised in their worship. For the people of the Amazon, non-humans, like animals and plants, have souls.

And they communicate and interact with people in a cooperative or hostile way through shameful rituals and practices depicted in rock art. , said. He tells the guardian. In April, the researchers published some of their findings in a journal called Quaternary International. A documentary about the findings, “Mysteries of the Jungle: Amazon’s Lost Empire”, will air later this month on Channel 4, a British public television station.

New carnivorous dinosaur fossil discovered in Argentina Scientists in Argentina have unearthed the well-preserved skull of a carnivorous dinosaur that roamed northern Patagonia some 85 million years ago. A small snout, an animal that listens deeply and stings that made it difficult prey.

New carnivorous dinosaur

The researchers said that the dinosaur named Luluccan allocranianus is about 16 feet (5 m) long, a member of the carnivorous group called Abelisaurids. Which in South America and other parts of the southern hemisphere of the Earth during the Cretaceous period was prosperous, the investigators said Tuesday.

Llukalkan, which means “local coward” in the local Mapuche native language, may have directly competed against a cousin who was equally influential and slightly larger. Just 700 meters from where Lukalukan’s fossil skull was found, scientists had previously unearthed the remains of another carnivorous dinosaur, called Viavanetter axonii.

Both were abelisaurids, a group of bipedal predators with short skulls, sharp, pointed teeth, extremely short arms with short fingers, and sometimes unusual short crests and horns. Abelisaurids were generally medium in size compared to giant carnivorous dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex.

Which lived in North America about 15 million years after Luluclan, and Galiongosaurus. Which lived in Patagonia about 15 million years before Lulucalan. The lead author of the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research of Argentina (Sonic) and the National University of San Luis said:

Yes, it is very unusual to find two abelisaurids living in the same area and almost at the same time. Study published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. “Llukalkan was a little smaller than the Viavenator, however, if they lived together, they would surely share the same ecological niche and feed on the same prey.

Dinosaur discovered in Argentina

So they competed with each other. They were and, why not, would eat each other “Gianni added.” Today, hunters of different species but from the same family live together in the same ecosystem, such as lions, leopards and cheetahs. Llukalkan’s skull was approximately 50 cm long. A large percentage of cranial bones were found, including a well-preserved skull.

A peculiarity of this dinosaur is that it has cavities in the ear region that were not close to other abelissauroids. Which could give this species a different hearing ability, possibly a larger hearing range, Gianchini said. Good conservation allowed us to study the inside of the brain box using tomography and thus estimate the size of the brain.

Based on the musculature of Llukalkan’s jaw, there was a powerful bite, and his teeth could rip the flesh off his prey. Unlike some abelisaurids, its skull was not rough. No bone was found from the rest of his body, although researchers have a good idea of his body plan based on other abelisaurids. He estimates that Lulukalan weighed between one and five tons.

Patagonia has produced important dinosaurs in recent decades. Llukalkan’s discovery allows a deeper understanding of the ecosystems of northern Patagonia during the Cretaceous. The last chapter of the age of dinosaurs. Llukalkan inhabited a semi-arid environment with a seasonal climate, feeding on dinosaurs that ate a wide variety of plants.

Paleontologists in Argentina have identified a new species of usauropod dinosaurs. Newly discovered long-necked dinosaurs survived early Jurassic global warming. True sauropods that lived 179 million years ago. After the mysterious disappearance of the nonuseuropod sauropod.

Reconstruction of the life of Bagulia alba. The most recently identified dinosaurs lived in Argentina during the Early Jurassic era. The ancient creature was a type of eusropod. A group of strict long-necked herbivorous quadruped dinosaurs that had evolved from the Early Jurassic to Upper Cretaceous.

Biomechanics & locomotion

This animal, called Bagualia alba, is actually the oldest eusropod dinosaur ever known. Soropodomorpha is the first major group of dinosaurs that has diversified into many recorded vegetarian lineages around the world, Dr. Diego Pol told the Agidio Ferruglio and Sonic Paleontological Museum and their colleagues from Argentina, the United States and Germany.

The first 40 million years of seropodomorph development are characterized by the coexistence of various lineages with large disparities in body size, ranging from small (less than 10 kg) to large (more than 5 tons) biomechanics and locomotion. Feed the types of. Quadruple early seraprodes.

In the Middle Jurassic, Europod dinosaurs were the only surviving sapropodomorphs. The remains of at least three Bagulia alba individuals, including a partial skull and cervical vertebrae, were found at the same site in Bagual Canyon in the Canadon Asphalto Basin, central Patagonia.

Paleontologists reported that “soropods have become the dominant group of large herbivores in terrestrial ecosystems, as many related lineages have become extinct by the end of the Early Jurassic,” the paleontologists explained. The causes and exact timing of this major wildlife change, as well as the origin of the eusuropods, have not been clear, mainly due to the rare dinosaur fossil record from this time.

The terrestrial sedimentary successors of the Canadon Sphalto Basin have documented this important interval of divine evolution. To shed light on the extinction of the sauropodomorphs, Dr. Poole and his co-authors investigated the fossil flora and fauna of the Canadon Asphalto Basin. After a great magical event that affected southern Gondwana 180 to 184 million years ago.

Greenhouse vegetation

They found evidence of a severe alteration of the ancient climate and a drastic reduction in flower diversity, leading to the emergence of conifers with small leaves with hooves. They were the reason. They believe that the non-propopod sauropodomorphs became extinct by the soft flora, replacing the greenhouse vegetation.

After the event, Bugulia alba and other usropods displayed traits that were likely critical to their success after this environmental change, the researchers said. Their elongated necks provided feeding envelopes and maximum browsing heights, and their large body size is related to expanding intestinal capacity and fiber digestibility.

Their deep and strong skulls and jaws indicate large. Broad teeth with high bite force and their long jaw gait and thick enamel (over 700 m 700 m) and extensive aspects of high volume and high vegetable shear wear. Feeding has been interpreted as an adaptation to fix. On hard and fibrous plant material.

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